Difference between Vedic Maths & Abacus – which is Better?

A kid getting confused between which choose between Vedic Maths and Abacus for calculations

This is a commonly asked question that can be quite confusing. To begin, Vedic Maths and Abacus are both ancient methods of calculation. Both of these systems were designed to help people perform simple and complex calculations mentally, without the use of any physical calculating devices available today, such as calculators.

To understand the differences between Abacus and Vedic Maths, let’s first develop a solid understanding of both the concepts.

What is Vedic Maths?

Vedic Mathematics is a body of methods or techniques for solving numerical problems quickly and accurately. It consists of shortcut tricks and techniques that help in faster calculation called Vedic Sutras.The concept of Vedic Maths has its origins in India. Shri Bharti Krishna Tirathji is known as the “Father of Vedic Maths,” made understanding of the subject easy for learners & wrote a book describing all the Sutras & Sub-Sutras in between 1911 and 1918.

What is abacus?

An abacus is an instrument or mechanical device that makes it simple to solve mathematical problems. It consists of a rectangular frame that supports vertically arranged rods on which beads move up and down. It was the first calculator ever made, and was initially used in Europe, China, and Russia.

Now let’s compare them according to the following parameters:

Usage:

Abacus: It helps in basic calculations such as addition, subtraction, division, and multiplication. It can also be used to compute square and cubic roots.

Vedic Maths: In addition to solving basic arithmetic operations, it also helps in solving more complex problems such as algebra, geometry, calculus, conics, and so on.

Tools requirement:

Abacus: It is a rectangular tool with beads that is used for counting and calculating.

Vedic maths: It does not necessitate the use of any tools. It is based on mental Maths, and pen and paper are sometimes all that is required.

Concentration Building

Abacus: According to researchers, practising Mathematics with an Abacus helps kids improve concentration skills in the long run.

Vedic Maths: It is a scientific methodology that enhances creativity and memory while also improving concentration.

Mastering skill

Abacus: It is simple to learn, but it takes nearly 2-3 years for kids to fully grasp the techniques.

Vedic Maths: It requires slightly more effort than abacus, but Vedic Mathematics tricks and techniques can be mastered in about 8-12 months. 

Age Group

Abacus: It is appropriate for kids aged 5 to 14 years old due to the ease with which the concept can be learned.

Vedic maths: This method is best suited for kids of grades 1 to 8 (and above)

Origin

Abacus: The exact origin of the abacus cannot be confirmed, but it is believed that the Babylonians used it as early as 2,400 B.C. It was widely used in the ancient Near East, Europe, China, and Russia, centuries before the Hindu-Arabic numeral system was adopted.

Vedic maths: Vedic maths originated in India during 1911 and 1918, and Jagadguru Shri Bharati Krishna Tirthaji is regarded as “the father of Vedic Maths”

Application in school

Abacus:It can be difficult to incorporate into regular classes because it necessitates the use of a tool and an additional teaching methodology.

Vedic maths:Vedic Maths techniques can be easily incorporated into regular school classes without the use of any additional equipment.

To conclude which is better, it can be said that Vedic Maths is better compared to abacus because:

  • It can be used for much more than just addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
  • It contains techniques for speeding up higher-order computations with accuracy, including those involving squares, cubes, square roots, cube roots, HCF, and LCM.
  • It is very beneficial for achieving success in competitive exams.
  • The most important thing about Vedic Maths is that its tricks and techniques are simple to learn and can be mastered in a short period of time.

While both Abacus and Vedic Maths encourage intelligent and mindful mathematics learning, one can choose the approach that best suits their needs.

Read More –

  1. The A-Z Guide to The Ancient Vedic Mathematics of India
  2. How can a kid overcome Maths phobia?
  3. Vedic Maths or Modern maths: Which is Better For Kids?

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