According to the most recent updates from the Central Board of Secondary Education, the educational system will undergo a significant change in the upcoming academic year. It will ultimately witness a switchover to a new structure, namely 5+3+3+4, from the decades-old schooling model of 10+2. The principles outlined in NEP 2020 are followed in the development of this new format.
What is the 5+3+3+4 Formula in the NEP?
A new educational framework or model that is going to take the place of 10+2 in schools is referred to as 5+3+3+4. One of the key components of NEP 2020 is to encourage the enrolment of young kids in school, namely those between the ages of 3-6.
The nep 5 3 3 4 means, the framework is implementing a new educational framework that divides kid’s education into four stages and this division is based on the natural cognitive development that kids and adolescents go through.
The new 4-stage framework that NEP will implement is as follows:
- Foundational Stage: It is the first stage, which will last for five years. It may be further divided into 3 years of Anganwadi/Pre-school/Balvatika for kids aged 3 to 6 and 2 years of Class 1 & 2 for kids aged 6 to 8 years.
- Preparatory Stage: It is the second stage for the following three years of classes 3 to 5 for kids aged 8 to 11.
- Middle Stage: It is the third stage for the following next three years of classes 6 to 8 for kids aged 11 to 14.
- Secondary Stage: It is the final stage, lasting for four years. It is intended for kids in grades 9 to 12 who are aged 14 to 18. While the board examinations will still be conducted for students in grades 10 through 12, the NEP will change the examination process to do away with the need for coaching. The students will be given a choice to take the improvement exam.
National Education Policy Format
The National Education Policy (NEP 2020), which replaces the old National Policy on Education (1986), describes the goal of India’s future educational system. The strategy creates a thorough framework for elementary, secondary, and higher education, as well as for vocational training, in both rural and urban India. The initiative aims to change India’s educational system by 2030.
The NEP places a strong focus on helping each kid realize their maximum creative potential. It is founded on the idea that education must foster not just cognitive abilities which include both the “foundational capabilities” of reading and numeracy and “higher-order” cognitive abilities, such as critical thinking and problem-solving but also social, ethical, and emotional traits.
The NEP further states that the goal of the educational system is to create excellent people who are capable of logical thought and action, and who also have strong moral convictions and ethical roots. The NEP aims to develop the future generation that is courageous, resilient, and imaginative as well as have curiosity and a scientific mindset.
The above Migration from 10+2 to a new format 5+3+3+4 and introduction to NEP 2020 is eventually necessary since recent events have shown that our society has to intensify the contemporary education system in order to stay up with the rate at which the world is changing.
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