Block-Based Coding vs Text-Based Coding Which is Easier to Learn for Beginners?
Coding for Kids

Block-Based Coding vs Text-Based Coding Which is Easier to Learn for Beginners?

May 20, 2023

Block-Based Coding vs Text-Based Coding – Coding has become an increasingly important skill in today’s world, as technology continues to shape every aspect of our lives. From building websites and mobile apps to designing artificial intelligence systems and analyzing big data, coding is a crucial tool for solving complex problems and creating innovative solutions. The demand for skilled coders is also higher than ever before and the fact that learning to code can open up exciting career opportunities in a wide range of industries is true. Given the growing importance of coding, introducing kids to coding at an early age has become a necessity.

For beginners who are just starting to learn to code, choosing between Block Based Coding & Text Based Coding can be a daunting task. While both methods have their advantages and disadvantages, each approach offers a unique learning experience. In this article, we will explore the differences between Block Based Coding & Text Based Coding and discuss which method may be easier for beginners to learn.

What Is Block-Based Coding?

Block-based coding is a programming technique that allows users to create programs using visual blocks instead of writing textual code. In this approach, users can drag and drop blocks containing pre-written code and connect them like puzzle pieces to form a sequence of instructions or to create a functional program. Some of the most popular platforms that use block-based programming languages are Scratch, Blockly, and MIT App Inventor.

What Is Text-Based Coding?

Text-based coding, also known as traditional coding, is a programming method that involves writing code using a text editor or integrated development environment (IDE). In this approach, users write lines of code using a programming language’s syntax to create a functional program. Text-based programming language is widely used in professional software development and is considered essential for advanced programming tasks, such as building complex software applications, web development, and data science. Some of the most popular text-based programming languages include Python programming, JavaScript, C++, and Java.

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Difference between Block-Based Coding and text-based Coding

Drag and Drop Visual Blocks

The major difference between Block Based Coding & Text Based Coding is that block-based programming language uses graphical blocks to represent code, which users can drag and drop to create a functional program. In text-based coding, programs are created by typing out each line of code using particular programming.

Easy to Comprehend

Block-based coding is generally easier to comprehend than text-based coding, especially for beginners. This is because it uses visuals or graphical representations of functions and codes that are colourful, attractive, and intriguing. It does not require users to learn any rules to form a sequence or logic. On the other hand, text-based programming languages are purely texts written in a particular programming language on a fairly plain interface. Moreover, it requires users to have a deeper understanding of programming concepts and syntaxes of a particular programming language, which can be challenging for newcomers.

Ease of Use

Block-based coding is undoubtedly easier to use than text-based coding because it simplifies the programming process with the help of predefined blocks and functions. The drag-and-drop interface makes it easy to create programs without worrying about syntax errors, and the visual blocks provide instant feedback on how the code works. On the other hand, text-based programming languages can be challenging as slight errors in the code can make programs invalid, and debugging the errors requires much experience and knowledge of the particular language and platform used.

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Ushers in the World of Technology in a Fun Way

Block-based coding is an engaging and interactive way to introduce technology to beginners and young learners. The visual blocks, colourful interfaces, and game-like features make learning to code more fun, and exciting and encourage learners to experiment and explore. In contrast, text-based programming languages can be dry and daunting, which may discourage learners who are just starting. Its difficult rules and learning syntaxes can be time-consuming and frustrating.

Why is Block-based Coding better for kids?

Block-based coding is an excellent way to introduce kids to programming and has many benefits for young learners. Here are some reasons why block-based programming language is better for kids:

  • Intuitive and Easy to Use: Block-based coding simplifies programming by using visual blocks that represent code, making it easier for kids to understand programming concepts without getting bogged down by syntax or code errors.
  • Interactive and Engaging: The drag-and-drop interface and colourful blocks make block-based coding more interactive and engaging for kids, keeping them motivated and interested in learning.
  • Encourages Problem Solving and Creativity: Block-based coding encourages kids to think creatively and problem-solve by providing them with the tools to create their own programs and experiment with different concepts.
  • Builds Confidence: Block-based coding allows kids to see the results of their programming efforts in real-time, which boosts their confidence and encourages them to keep learning.
  • Prepares for Text-based Coding: Block-based coding provides a foundation for more advanced programming languages by introducing kids to fundamental programming concepts such as loops, conditionals, and variables.

How a kid can learn to code?

There are so many platforms and resources available that are specifically designed for kids. For kids who are just starting out, platforms like Scratch, Blockly, and are highly recommended as these platforms use block-based programming language. Taking online courses and tutorials is another great option, as many platforms offer interactive courses specifically designed for kids.

ALLEN Intellibrain is one such platform that offers coding classes for kids in grades 1 to 8 (and above), aiming to make the learning process fun and interactive. The programs are designed with an age-appropriate and well-structured curriculum. The courses begin with block-based programming for young kids and progress to more advanced programming languages like Python, Java, HTML, Machine Learning, and AI. These interactive sessions emphasize practical applications of programming languages, enabling children to address real-world issues and preparing them for a successful future in the digital age.

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